The characteristics of an organization’s senior staff are another indicator of the makeup of an organization’s leadership, as well as a potential pipeline for future nonprofit EDs and sector leaders. The EDs in this study identified a total of three senior staff, on average, at their organizations (the total number of senior staff at an organization ranged from 0 to 26). (Figure 18).

The programs and services provided by nonprofit organizations are the central piece in fulfilling their missions and helping to solve critical social problems in Philadelphia. The most common services that EDs in this study reported providing at their organizations were (Figure 19): Education for youth (49%), After-school activities (39%), Community development (37%), Youth development (37%), and Advocacy (37%)

The survey also asked EDs about the physical location of their organizations and clients. While not statistically significant, AA-led organizations were more likely than white-led organizations to be both serving and located in low- income neighborhoods (60% of AA-led organizations versus 47% of white- led organizations; Figure 23).

Challenges in fundraising, and how these challenges related to race, was addressed in the survey and was a prominent theme in the qualitative data collection. Not surprisingly, EDs (of all races/ethnicities) were most likely to identify fundraising as a significant challenge to their organization (84%).