AA-led organizations were more likely than white- led organizations to name fundraising as a significant challenge (91% versus 78%, respectively) (Figure 26).

While very few survey respondents reported that issues related to race/ethnicity were a significant challenge (5% of African American EDs and 0% of white EDs), over a third agreed or strongly agreed with the statement: Race/ethnicity is a barrier to my organization’s growth. Slightly more African American EDs agreed/strongly agreed than white EDs (40% versus 32%, respectively), but the difference was not statistically significant (Figure 27).